Welcome to the FHWA Congestion Pricing Web Site
Value Pricing Project Program Quarterly Report
The Value Pricing Project Program January – March 2016 Quarterly Report is now available.
Congestion Pricing – A Primer: Effective Approaches to Streamlining Back Office Operations
The document explores the range of back office issues that have arisen on congestion pricing projects throughout the United States. The issues are organized into eight categories: policy decisions, interoperability back office efficiency, enforcement, data analysis and warehousing, transparency, privacy, and private sector involvement.
Congestion Pricing - A Primer: Evolution of Second Generation Pricing Projects
This primer explores the evolution of first-generation pricing strategies into more complex express toll lanes using new or expanded capacity.
Congestion pricing - sometimes called value pricing - is a way of harnessing the power of the market to reduce the waste associated with traffic congestion. Congestion pricing recognizes that trips have different values at different times and places and for different individuals. Faced with premium charges during periods of peak demand, road users are encouraged to eliminate lower-valued trips, take them at a different time, or choose alternative routes or transport modes where available. In cases where congestion pricing is applied to specific traffic lanes rather than to an entire highway facility, users have the option of choosing to pay to use congestion-free priced lanes or continue to travel on general purpose lanes without paying a toll. There is a consensus among economists that congestion pricing represents the single most viable and sustainable approach to reducing traffic congestion.
This site provides information and resources to help equip state agencies and practitioners with an understanding and tools to implement congestion pricing projects and incorporate pricing into transportation planning.